RUDIMENT AND THEORY OF MUSIC

what is music

The Rudiment and theory of music is the fundamental and systematic study of music. It is the beginning of knowledge in the study of music.

If you move into a new place which is so new and unfamiliar to you, you need someone to tell you things vividly concerning that particular place so as to get along with it. Certainly, he will tell you the most important things you need to know about the place. The same is with the study of music. Before getting to know music fully, you need to be acquainted with the theories of music i.e. things that you need to know about music. Therefore, the rudiment of music, there are some terms you need to fully know before talking about music as a subject of study.

STAFF (STAVE)

One of the things you need to know in the study of RUDIMENT AND THEORY OF MUSIC is A staff. A stave is made up of five (5) parallel horizontal lines and four (4) spaces. The lines must be parallel before it can be called a staff. So, take great note when you’re drawing or constructing your staff, the lines must be parallel.

NAMING THE LINES AND SPACES OF THE TREBLE STAFF

MUSICAL ALPHABET

Music makes use of the first seven letters of the English alphabet (A, B, C, D, E, F, and G). These letters are used extensively in the theory of music. They are used to name the lines and spaces of the staves. They are used to denote scale. These musical alphabets are also used to signify musical keys. When used to name the lines the spaces of the staff, the seven letters are looped. By this I mean, when the naming gets to G, it begins again from A. These are repeated as a pattern of notes as shown below:

ILLUSTRATING THE MUSICAL ALPHABETS

In the above illustration, the scale starts from C, gets to G continue from A till it reaches C (Octave) and continues till it reaches its second octave.

CLEF SIGNATURE

In the study of RUDIMENT AND THEORY OF MUSIC, clef signature is very important. Therefore, to relate stave to the pitch of notes accurately, a sign called clef is used. It is used to fix the position of a certain letter name on the stave. (Don’t be confused with the spelling, “stave” and “staff”. It means the same thing. It is used interchangeably. The plural of it is “staves” and not “staffs”).

TYPES OF CLEF

There are three types of clef signature but two are mostly used. The mostly used The last one is used only in special composition. The clefs are:

1.            Treble clef or G-clef

2.            Bass clef or F-clef

3.            Moveable clef or C

1.            TREBLE CLEF OF G-CLEF

THE TREBLE CLEF

The treble clef is also called the G clef. If you observe the symbol, it resembles the letter “g”. Its belly encircles the second line. This makes the second line to be called “G”. From there the lines and spaces are numbered and named upward and downward. Also, from the diagram, the seen note is note “C”. It is also called “middle C”. The clef signature gives the name to the staff “Treble staff”. The lines and spaces of the staff take its reference from the clef and where it is located (G).  The lines are E G B D F. The formula, Every, Good, Boy, Deserves, Favour, can be used to remember the names of the lines of the treble staff. For space, it follows FACE. The naming of the lines and spaces of the treble staff are illustrated below:

NAMING THE LINES AND SPACES OF THE TREBLE STAFF

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